We must pay special attention as there is a high rate of deaths from choking in children from 1 to 4 years, the worst of all is not knowing what to do. Reacting on time is vital, in a matter of seconds that child can stop breathing and the consequences can be very serious.
What can we do about choking children?
We must be very careful with food and keep out of reach those objects that may pose a difficulty to eat them for example nuts or meat products.
If the baby suddenly can not cry or cough, something could clog his airway. It may make strange noises or produce no sound at all as you open your mouth, and your skin may turn red or bluish.
If you cough or gag, there is only a partial obstruction of the airway let it continue coughing. Coughing is the most effective way to eliminate an obstruction.
Choking in babies
If you are conscious but can not cough, cry or breathe, place it gently upside down, resting on your forearm, and with the same hand hold your head and neck.
1- Place the other hand and forearm on the child, so that it is in the middle of your forearms.
2- Extend your hand and use your thumb and index finger to hold the baby's jaw.
3- Turn the child over and place him gently on his stomach, resting on your forearm.
4- Lower your arm and rest it on your thigh so that the baby's head is below your chest.
5- With the base of your hand, give it five firm blows between your shoulder blades or shoulder blades. Continue supporting your head and neck, what you can achieve if you hold your jaw firmly between your thumb and forefinger. If the baby does not expel the object, place your free hand (with which you gave the blows to the back) on the back of the neck and support the same arm on your spine. Gently twist it around keeping your other hand and forearm in your chest.
6- Performs 5 chest compressions.
Extend your hand and use your thumb and forefinger to hold the baby's jaw, at the same time you place it in the middle of your forearms to support your head and neck. Lower the arm that is holding your back on your opposite thigh, making sure that the baby's head is below your body.
Place the tips of two fingers in the center of the baby's chest, just below an imaginary line located between your nipples. To make a chest compression, press the chest trying to compress around 2 cm.
Perform five quick chest compressions
Repeat the blows in the back and chest compressions.
Continue the sequence of five strokes in the back and five chest compressions until you get the object out or until the baby starts coughing, crying or breathing on his own. When you cough, do not interrupt, let him try to eject the object.
Choking in children> 1 year
If the child can cough, we should encourage him to continue coughing so that he can extract the foreign body that is causing the obstruction.
YOU CAN NOT TASTE, YOU CAN NOT BREATHE: We have to give five blows between the shoulder blades just in the middle of the back. If this has not worked we have to make five abrupt compressions in the abdomen. We will repeat the sequence of 5 blows on the back 5 abdominal compressions until the foreign body comes out or is unconscious.
Visit our Lifeguard Project website and you will find information about the course of how to act before a choking and the use of anti choking device.