Since 2001 there has been a Decree that regulates the use of semiautomatic external defibrillators (DESA) by non-medical personnel in Andalusia, currently the registration of the defibrillator is required by the Junta de Andalucía.
Communication of installation and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) outside of the health field and registration in the Andalusian Registry of Automated External Defibrillators
Given several factors, including the current scientific evidence, the great social awareness about cardiorespiratory arrest (CRP) generated since then and the Administration's interest in promoting and facilitating the use of defibrillators in Andalusia, have led to the creation of a Registry Defibrillators Andalusia. This Andalusian Registry of Automated External Defibrillators (DEA, updated term of DESA) is integrated in the current Decree 22 / 2012, of 14 of February. Let's see the progress that has been its implementation.
What is the record defibrillators in Andalusia?
It is a centralized registry that creates an Andalusian map of defibrillators installed outside of the health sector. In this way, the Health Emergencies Service of Andalusia can improve its response to a cardiorespiratory arrest or PCR. The idea is a success, do not you think? Before the Andalusian defibrillator registry came into force, a cardiac arrest could occur in front of a shopping center and the 112 not knowing that there was a defibrillator there. Currently, that defibrillator would have been registered when installed and the 112 could request that one of the witnesses would look for it if it deemed appropriate. We see that this registry has more significance than we could guess, because it improves efficiency in a health emergency such as cardiopulmonary arrest.
Who should register a defibrillator in the Community of Andalusia?
The physical or legal persons responsible for the spaces that have an external defibrillator DEA / DESA must communicate the installation to the Ministry of Health, specifying the exact place. This communication will also contain a declaration under which the person undertakes to comply with the requirements for installation and use of the defibrillator detailed in the aforementioned Decree 22 / 2012. Frequently, from Proyecto Salvavidas we take care of the bureaucracy that this registry implies.
What are those requirements for installation and use of the defibrillator?
The spaces required to have a defibrillator are:
- Large retail areas.
- Airports and commercial ports, stations or stops of buses or rail of populations of more than 50000 inhabitants, and subway stations with average daily inflow of 5000 or more people.
- Installations, centers or sports complexes with 500 or more daily users.
- Public establishments with capacity of 5000 or more people.
Even so, the Andalusian health administrations explicitly recommend their installation in spaces that may be considered relevant even without being obliged to do so: defibrillators in schools, day care centers, hotels, restaurants, offices, companies, factories, leisure areas, cultural spaces, neighboring communities , etc. All these places must have defibrillators regulated and approved (Royal Decree 1591 / 2009, 16 October), which will be placed in visible and clearly marked spaces (ILCOR universal signaling for defibrillators), and will be accompanied by visible instructions (usually as algortimos). In addition, its location will be identified in maps or informative maps of the place.
Let's not forget how important it is to have defibrillators in Andalusia as their maintenance. Ensuring its correct operation with periodic reviews to use them when the time is right is key to a successful resuscitation.
Regarding the requirements for the use of the defibrillator, it is necessary to have at the time of opening to the public personnel with basic and minimum knowledge in matters of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), basic life support (BLS) and use of the defibrillator.
It is increasingly obvious that basic training in first aid and SVB is necessary from an early age, although it is never too late!
Anyone is a candidate to learn these basic notions so useful for everyday life as knowing how to use a defibrillator, because we constantly see ourselves in situations that make us wonder what we would do or what we should have done. And you, would you want to learn them?
CLICK HERE >> Communication of the installation of an automated external defibrillator (AED) outside the healthcare field and registration in the Andalusian Registry of Automated External Defibrillators
CLICK HERE >> Communication of the use of automated external defibrillators outside the health field in Andalusia
Signed Elena López