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Who can use a defibrillator in Spain?
in Spain 7 are the autonomous communities which require cardioprotection in different public spaces
This is one of the most common questions and the truth is that the defibrillator it can be used by all those people who have the minimum basic knowledge that is necessary to know how is the operation, after carrying out some training program that deals with the different situations of when the AED should be used (automated external defibrillator) and about its same use. Each autonomous community regulates its use by means of a Decree Law. Find the regulation of the community to which you belong.
On the other hand, in Spain 7 are the autonomous communities that require cardioprotection in different public spaces that have a high attendance of people or particularly that are sensitive to cardiac arrest.
Use of the defibrillator Autonomous Communities - Regulations / Legislation
Today we will focus on the communities where the installation of defibrillators is mandatory: Canary Islands, Catalonia, the Basque Country, the Community of Madrid, Andalusia, the Valencian Community and the Principality of Asturias. The fact that there is no national regulation in Spain, that regulates homogeneously where and how there should be defibrillators as well as the staff that can use it, these regions establish their own requirements.
All of them have their respective decrees, and although they have aspects in common, they present important differences, and among them are the location of the equipment and people that are authorized for their use. Each one made their establishment according to what they thought was best to save lives.
Andalusia: this legislation establishes that only people with approved CPR training or professionals can use the defibrillator. As in Asturias, in every intervention that is done outside the hospital environment, it will be necessary to notify the Health Emergency Services.
Asturias: it is established that only people who have sanitary training or training approved in CPR, are authorized to use the defibrillator. In turn, before making your intervention, you have to communicate with emergency services.
Canary Islands: in its legislation regarding the use of DESA, authorizes any person who is in an emergency situation before a cardiac arrest, without having accredited knowledge and provided that a person who is trained, is not in the vicinity You can activate the device and make use of it, by contacting the 112 to receive the pertinent instructions to assist the affected party.
Catalonia: it is recommended that those who intervene in cases of cardiac emergency be professional or have CPR instruction. In case there is no one with this knowledge, anyone can activate the defibrillator and act after calling the 112 and receive the indications until the ambulance arrives.
Region of Madrid: as it happens in the Canary Islands, Catalonia, and the Basque Country, anyone can intervene in case there is nobody in the trained area. The preferred use continues to be for health personnel or those who have training. In both cases you have to inform the 112 and attend to your indications until emergency services arrive.
Valencian Community: this legislation establishes that in cases of emergencies and absence of people with CPR knowledge, anyone can use a defibrillator. In the same way, it is most appropriate for the intervention to be carried out by those with the relevant training.
the Basque Country: in this legislation, the person is allowed to lack the relevant CPR training and can use a defibrillator if he / she is faced with a cardiac arrest outside the hospital setting, always with preference for health workers or educated persons. You should also contact emergency services.
What are the types of defibrillators that we can find?
External semiautomatic defibrillators: they are those that analyze the heart rate and indicate that it is necessary to make a discharge, but this leaves the decision in the hands of the rescuer.
External automatic defibrillators: they are those that analyze and if in case they consider that a download is necessary, what they do is indicate that they are going to download and they do it automatically. The defibrillator can administer this electrical shock to the heart.
Where can I take CPR and defibrillator courses?
If you are interested in receiving CPR training and using the defibrillator, we will travel to your entity with all the necessary material to complete the courses. Alternatively you can sign up for our courses open classroom.
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