Emergencies are the order of the day, and is that at the least expected time, we may be suffering from a heart situation.
Keeping ourselves trained for this type of situation is really important, in order to help other people, including friends or relatives. One of the most common artifacts to help in cardiac situations, are the defibrillators, which become a tool of vital importance in situations of cardiac emergency, and of which we will be providing all the information in the following article.
What is the importance of knowing how to handle a defibrillator?
One of the most important data, is knowing that in Spain around 100 people die every day due to cardiac arrest, which sometimes have a defibrillator and know how to use it, could reduce these large numbers. Therefore, being able to handle a defibrillator should not be something that only health personnel should know, but on the contrary, it should be extended to knowledge in companies, schools and elsewhere, since a cardiac arrest can occur in any place and time.
How to use a defibrillator?
For the proper use of a defibrillator, certain steps must be taken into account, which are:
1. Confirm cardiac arrest:
It is really important to know if the emergency is actually a cardiac arrest, this is the first step, for this we have to see if the person responds and check if they breathe normally. In order to verify this, it is necessary that you lean towards the person, stimulate them and ask if they are well, in order to hear their breathing you have to throw your head back, it is also important that you can verify their mouth, since it may be that some object or food is stuck, and is the cause of the victim's condition.
2. Have them call the emergency number at 112:
If the person is unconscious and does not breathe normally and you are near another person, have them call 112 and indicate that the person is unconscious and not breathing normally and if it is possible for someone to look for a defibrillator.
3 Perform CPR:
This is essential, once the cardiac arrest is confirmed, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) must be started, not only will you keep the blood circulating through the body but we also increase the chances of success before an AED discharge, therefore, it is important to start CPR as soon as possible.
4 Make use of the AED:
Before preparing the AED, it is important to make sure that the victim's chest is not wet, since at the time of placing the AED, the AED placement area must be dry (only the area where we will place the electrodes). Remember that there is no need to waste time removing piercing from small nipples or pendants. The defibrillator electrodes should be placed as soon as it arrives.
5 Turn on the AED:
When you turn it on, most defibrillators provide a quick guide to use, which will instruct you to connect the electrode patches.
6 Shave the chest:
Most AEDs have a shaver, since the hairs on the chest can cause interference when placing the patches.
Also, once the area is shaved, you should be careful that the patient has a pacemaker. If you have a pacemaker, the electrodes should be placed at least a distance of 10 cm from the pacemaker.
7 Place the patches:
This is important, usually the DEA they have inside the instructions, the areas in which you must place the patches, one of the patches should be placed on the thorax to the right of the sternum, below the clavicle. The other should be placed at the level of the left mid-axillary line.
8 Perform the analysis:
Once the patches are placed, the AED will begin to perform the diagnostic analysis, once the diagnosis is made (usually about 10 seconds) it will decide whether to download and start CPR, or if the download is not necessary and you just need to continue with the RCP. After 2 minutes of CPR the device will perform another analysis again.
9 If the download is necessary:
Make sure that nobody is touching the patient before pressing the shock button in the AED, sending an electric shock through the electrodes.
Where can I take CPR and defibrillator courses?
If you are interested in receiving training in CPR and the use of the defibrillator, we will go to your entity with all the necessary material to carry out the courses.
You can ask us for a quote by contacting:
Calling Toll Free: 900 670 112