Each year it affects 120.000-130.000 people, one every six minutes. It is the second cause of death among men and the first among women.
This is due to biological differences of sex, the risk profile of women is different. In addition, they depend on the stage of life. It is not the same during menopause as during fertile life. Something you can read in many places is that atrial fibrillation is another risk factor.
What is stroke?
It is caused by cerebral ischemia (interruption of blood flow in a part of the brain) or by hemorrhage.
To know if we are suffering a stroke, we have to be clear that some of these symptoms occur:
- Loss of consciousness or sudden changes.
- Alterations in the muscles of the face
- Problems articulating words
- Lack of coordination
- Severe and sudden headache
Another of the most used stroke detection methodologies is the Cincinnati scale, commonly known as "FAST method", which is the best tool to evaluate and identify stroke.
Stroke identification and how to act
F (Face - Face): To know if you are losing the muscle tone of the face, we must make the person smile and see if the mouth is diverted to the side.
A (Arms - Arms): Have him raise both arms or one of them to know if coordination fails.
S (Speech - Language): See if it is capable of articulating a logical message or if it is understood when speaking.
T (Time - Time): If you detect any of these anomalies, you should immediately call the emergency service and clearly notify that an ICTUS is being suffered, so that they activate the action protocol.
While the ambulance arrives, do not feed or drink anything to the person who is suffering from this stroke. He could drown.