Today something more is known about the incidence of COVID-19 in the increase in cardiac arrest. Thanks to the first research in the UK to study this correlation, they have revealed the number of Londoners who suffered cardiac arrest during the first wave of the pandemic, where they skyrocketed by 81%, and only around 1% survived.
They also highlight that compared to the data before the pandemic, their emergency teams are being considerably delayed in arrival time, because the service is flooded with calls to the emergency number. Taking an average of 9,3 minutes, missing its national health service's seven-minute goal for life-threatening emergencies.
Cardiac arrests during COVID19 increased with 5 more cases per day for every 100 new COVID cases
According to UK research experts, a total of 3.122 Londoners suffered cardiac arrest between March 1 and April 30, up from 1.724 the previous year. And only 49 people were saved, compared to 70 who were saved the year before. Clarify, that there is a clear correlation between the increase in Covid infections and the number of people suffering and dying from cardiac arrest, with five more cases per day for every 100 new COVID cases.
It is worth highlighting a revealing data, the increase in people who tried CPR chest compressions in a situation of cardiac arrest to try to restart the patient's heart. This increase is from 52% to 63% of the cases.
What other factors could be related to this increase in cardiac arrests?
- People's fear of catching COVID from going to hospitals causes them not to seek care for other medical conditions.
- The arrival time of the ambulances that took the longest to arrive at the scene.
- Increased waiting time for calls to the emergency number. An average of three minutes and 20 seconds to answer calls due to staff absences at call centers, compared to seven seconds before the pandemic.
- Paramedics were further delayed by having to put on the full PPE before they could evaluate the patient.
The importance of having a DEA DESA portable defibrillator
These findings strongly support a link between Covid-19 and out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. It is vitally important to remember that the virus can help to have a case of PCEH and now more than ever to have basic notions in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, applying good CPR and having defibrillators at hand can save lives.
In Lifeguard Project we recommend a training in basic life support and in the use of a DESA defibrillator to act correctly in the face of cardiac arrest, because every minute counts in the chances of survival. To emphasize the importance of having a defibrillator in this pandemic, here is an infographic of the 5 reasons to have a defibrillator during COVID-19.